Lisa Schölzel

Senior Food Editor at Kitchen Stories

instagram.com/whatscookinglisa/

Flavor—it’s what takes eating from something we must do, to something we want to do. This article is part of “The Flavor Issue” our month dedicated to dialing up every dish and making every day taste better. To follow along, you can check back here for an overview of all our latest stories and recipes from the issue. Don’t forget to follow us on Instagram for behind the scenes, extra community content, and more! We hope to see you around Flavortown!

We are programmed to crave salt. Salt in itself is a mineral that we need to survive—in certain quantities and not without moderation. As well as seasoning, salt also enhances the flavors in food: Everything tastes much better when you find the right ratio. To do this, you sometimes have to salt properly and not too timidly—by taste and constant tasting—until the sauce or salad, risotto or polenta tastes just right. Salt, like other seasonings, is a necessity in almost every dish (yes, even sweets. The salt in these cookies, for example, balances the sweetness). But more importantly, it's the step that determines the success or failure of any meal. When you learn to use it properly (Which kind? Look here!) then your dishes will taste great.

Layering salt

And then there’s a technique that we can call “layering salt." This means not only using salt alone to season, but having a base using other salty (and usefully, often umami) ingredients. All dishes that use any of the alternative salt sources below benefit from this. Naturally, the various forms of salt in the dish must then be carefully weighed (literally and figuratively) so that you end up with a salted, but not over-salted, plate.

13 tasty sources of salt

1. Kimchi

Fermentation happens with salt: The salt draws out the water and the resulting salty liquid, called brine, preserves food. Kimchi adds spiciness and acidity to dishes in addition to salt.

Kimchi, Hot Sauce and Krauts: See how they're made!

5-Ingredient kimchi grilled cheese with salad

Kimchi-shirataki noodles

2. Capers

The great thing about cured, salted, or pickled, ingredients is that you can control the salt content. With capers, this can be done by rinsing them or temporarily soaking them in water. Don't forget to drain and squeeze carefully afterwards!

Pantry tuna pasta with capers and crunchy breadcrumbs

Sole à la meunière with capers and lemon

Orecchiette with rapini

Königsberger Klopse (German meatballs in cream and caper sauce)

3. Anchovies

The same applies here: The salt content of anchovies can be adjusted to your own taste (especially for salt-packed anchovies). I use them to add a pop of salt, on pizza (or in a pizza sauce), where capers also come in handy!

Green Goddess sandwich

Simple tomato sauce

Brunch Caesar Salad

Grandma-style pizza

4. Parmesan

Salty cheeses like Parmesan, but also Pecorino or Feta, are often the last spark of flavor that ends up on a dish. Quite classically on pasta, but also on pizza. Here are more ways to use their magic:

Parmesan-thyme shortbread

Zucchini and Parmesan Fritters

Zucchini Parmesan

5. Bacon

Any cured meat (that is, heavily salted) can contain enough salt to flavor the dish of your choice. This includes bacon, but also pancetta, prosciutto, salami, and more. Many hearty dishes start by rendering the meat, meaning the fat in it is melted by heat. Whatever is next sautéed in this fat is then instantly seasoned.

Buttery pasta all’amatriciana

Easy bacon sandwich

Cobb salad

Raggmunk (Swedish potato pancakes)

6. Soy sauce

Soy sauce, made from fermented soybeans, is packed with salt and deep, dark umami flavor. It adds unmistakable depth to virtually anything it touches.

Crispy Brussels sprouts with soy sauce

Biang Biang Mian (spicy Chinese noodles)

The 3 Most Important Soy Sauce Styles and How to Use Them

7. Pickles

Like kimchi and sauerkraut, most other fermented vegetables are pickled in a mixture of water, salt and spices. Both the vegetables and the liquid in which they float are then very salty and are well suited for seasoning dishes. In this case, you can use the pickles (like gherkins and cornichons) for an egg-based dip with cooked artichokes, for example, and the brine as an add-on for sauces, dressings, or as a substitute for vinegar or lemon juice—wherever it fits the flavor profile.

Roasted endives and potatoes with gribiche

Sauerkraut and mushroom stew

Smash burgers

8. Miso paste

Because there are so many varieties to choose from, with flavor profiles ranging from mild and sweet (light shiro miso, for example, for cookies or this ramen) to dark and bitter (for example, for dark sauces and intense meat marinades), you can select the one that best suits your dish.

5-ingredient miso-mushroom risotto

Miso-roasted tofu and sweet potato

Easy miso-glazed cabbage

9. Olives

Not all olives are the same and the salt content also differs immensely depending on the variety and brand, and whether they are preserved in oil or in brine. I like to try them first to see if they’ll work best in salads or kneaded into a dough.

Cod with olive tapenade, tomatoes, and fennel

5-ingredient spicy lamb stew with green olives

Provençal sheet-pan fish with olives, tomatoes, and artichokes

10. Fish sauce

To me, fish sauce tastes like something between soy sauce and anchovies. To make fish sauce, anchovies are mixed with sea salt and placed in large pots, where fermentation then begins. It brings a bright, almost oceanic salinity, along with a depth of seafoody flavor.

Easy Singaporean noodles

5-ingredient red curry chicken soup

Som tam salad

11. Seaweed

The large amount of minerals contained within give seaweed its intense flavoring. It’s often used in Asian cuisines as a base for broths. And, of course, for sushi. Incidentally, the same salty umami flavors found in seaweed are also found in foods such as Parmesan cheese, soy sauce and Worcestershire sauce.

Japanese seaweed salad

Vegetarian miso ramen

Tuna tataki with cucumber and seaweed salad

12. Salted butter

Pretty self-explanatory, isn't it? Great in Breton butter cookies and in many (sweet) baking recipes or of course on good bread e.g. with rinsed anchovies?

5-ingredient classic BLT

Sous-vide steak with sweet potato puree and herb butter

13. Gochujang

Following on from what I said earlier: fish sauce is the baby of soy sauce and pickled anchovies, then gochujang is a mix of miso paste and Sriracha. The hot fermented seasoning paste from Korea tastes rich, spicy, sweet and, of course, salty. We absolutely love it!

Easy Bibimbap

Korean-inspired white bean soup with tofu

Spicy mushroom ragù

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